The most visible type of sun damage is the accumulation of brown spots on the skin, which tend to become more noticeable as one ages. The leading cause of uneven pigmentation in the skin is the chronic, unprotected sun exposure we accumulate over the years. In our youth, we tend to be careless about protecting our skin. We have also grown up with the idea that tanned skin is beautiful, and we ignore the importance of sun protection to prevent future skin damage. Unfortunately these harmful habits eventually lead to dark spots on face, and brown spots on the hands and body.
Pigmented spots can appear anywhere on the body but are particularly noticeable on the face, chest, and hands. Superficial brown spots on the skin are often called liver spots, and while they may be harmless, they can contribute to an uneven complexion. Dark spots on the face can be particularly bothersome, and they are difficult to treat without medical intervention.
There are several treatments available that can effectively reduce or eliminate age spots, liver spots, or brown spots. These include laser treatments, chemical peels, and medical-grade skin care. Once the damage has been treated, it is essential to be diligent with sun protection in order to minimize the occurrence of new spots. The best way to achieve this is to wear a sunscreen with at least SPF30 every day, and to reduce excessive sun exposure whenever possible. Wearing protective clothing such as a hat, long sleeves and pants is highly recommended when spending longer periods of time in direct sunlight.