The most visible type of sun damage is the accumulation of dark spots on the skin, which tend to become more noticeable as one ages. The leading cause of uneven pigmentation in the skin is chronic, unprotected sun exposure that we accumulate over the years. In our youth, we tend to be careless about protecting our skin. We have also grown up with the idea that tanned skin is beautiful, and we ignore the importance of sun protection in preventing future skin damage. Unfortunately these harmful habits eventually lead to dark spots and sun damage on the face, hands and body.
There are several treatments available that can effectively reduce or eliminate age spots, liver spots, or brown spots. These include laser treatments, chemical peels, and medical grade skin care. Once the skin has been treated, one must be diligent with sun protection in order to minimize the occurrence of new spots. The best way to achieve this is to wear a sunscreen with at least SPF30 every day, and to reduce excessive sun exposure whenever possible. Wearing protective clothing is highly recommended when spending longer periods of time in direct sunlight.