Pores are small openings in the skin through which sebum (oil) is released to the surface of the skin. Large pores on the nose, forehead and cheeks are commonly experienced by those with oily or aging skin. Because they contribute to uneven skin texture and are difficult to camouflage, enlarged pores can be bothersome to many people.
Causes of enlarged pores include genetics, chronic sun exposure, and skin congestion. Aging skin loses elasticity in the skin that surrounds the pores. At the same time, years of unprotected sun exposure will damage the collagen that is necessary to support pores and keep the skin plump. Congestion (clogged pores) occurs when excess oil combines with dead skin cells and bacteria, partially blocking the pore and impeding its function. One or all of these factors will cause the pore to enlarge and become more visible, especially on the nose.
Treatment for enlarged pores may include one or more of the following: medical facial peels, laser treatments, and appropriate skin care. The goal of treatment is to clear the pores, restore collagen and elasticity, and protect the skin from further damage.