Rosacea is a common skin condition that first appears as redness or blushing in the face - usually on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead. Over time, the redness becomes more persistent, and visible blood vessels may appear in these areas. As the condition progresses, red bumps or pimples may also develop on the skin, which is often referred to as acne rosacea. Rosacea typically appears after age thirty, and is more common in those who are fair-skinned and blush easily such as those of northern European descent (i.e. English, Irish, Scottish).
The exact cause of rosacea has not been determined, although doctors believe it may be attributed to microscopic skin mites, fungus or bacteria, abnormal inflammatory response, sun damage, or genetics. Rosacea sufferers often find that certain triggers will cause their condition to flare-up. These triggers may include certain foods or drinks (i.e. alcohol, spicy foods, dairy), weather, stress, overexertion, or certain medical conditions.
Although there is no known cure for this condition, there are rosacea treatments available that can significantly reduce symptoms and keep flare-ups under control. These include: medications, use of gentle skincare products, laser treatments, and daily use of a chemical-free sunblock. Rosacea sufferers can also manage their symptoms by identifying and controlling the triggers that cause their flare-ups.